Zhu Yuanzhang was very shy about one character. In the Ming Dynasty, whoever used it was a death penalty, but now it is very common

2022-05-09 0 By

Freedom is relative in every age, and today each of us is free to say and do what we want within the limits of the law.But in ancient times, freedom was much smaller.For example, if you were born in the Tang Dynasty, it is impossible to name yourself Li Shimin or Li Yuan. If you insist on doing so, you will probably kill your whole family.Another example is writing an essay. Some words, words and sentences can be dangerous even if you have no specific intention when writing.Looking back at the history, many dynasties have used “literary prison” to frame literati.As for Zhu Yuanzhang, the Emperor Taizu of The Ming Dynasty, he was more sensitive to some characters because he was from a lower background.He had one of the most taboo “1” characters, which we can use freely today, but in those days anyone who dared to write it was condemned to death.So, zhu Yuanzhang why so hate this word, and who because of the use of “ze” and incur the disaster of death?Zhu Yuanzhang In historical records, Zhu Yuanzhang designed to get rid of thirty of the founding fathers, and the reasons are both their willful, corrupt, and zhu Yuanzhang’s own character.For an emperor with a unique history, there must have been a history he didn’t want anyone to know about before he took the throne.Therefore, After the establishment of the Ming Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang organized civil officials to beautify and deify their past years.First of all, it was his birth, Zhu Yuanzhang also wanted to imitate the founding emperors of the past dynasties, looking for his famous ancestors in the family tree, so as to mention a sentence in the history books, “Zhu Yuanzhang, after a famous person in a certain dynasty.”But it is a pity that zhu Yuanzhang’s ancestors are ordinary farmers, and life is getting more and more poor, to his father’s generation, and encountered trouble, the family was destroyed.Ming dynasty historians searched all zhu family trees and finally found a person who could be packaged as the ancestor of Zhu Yuanzhang — Zhu Xi, a great confucianist of the Song Dynasty.Such a manipulation down, Zhu Yuanzhang naturally became zhu Xi’s descendants.Secondly, it is how to beautify the days when Zhu Yuanzhang was a beggar, a monk, wandering in Anhui and other places.For this period of time, Zhu yuanzhang instructed civil officials and historians to describe it as experiencing the sufferings of the people, and inserted two purple immortals to protect and guide him on his wanderings.Zhu yuanzhang tried to deify his throne.Although later generations and the common people may be blinded by the history books issued by the court, these officials who followed Zhu Yuanzhang to establish the Ming Dynasty were well aware of it. Although everyone did not mention those past events by default, they could not resist Zhu Yuanzhang’s own worries.He scoured the words and writings of officials and civilian literators for irony, and the emperor’s head was almost on the move if there was a word that made him frown.Historically, zhu Yuanzhang’s behavior was called “literary inquisition”.Although this name was determined in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, there were literary prisons as early as emperor Xuan of the Han Dynasty.In the official history, the first person to be executed by the emperor for his writings was Yang Yun, the grandson of Sima Qian.During the reign of Cao Wei, the renowned ji Kang was detested and hated by the powerful minister Sima Zhao for his letter of breaking friendship with The Mountain Juyuan, and ji Kang was executed soon after.During the Northern Wei Dynasty, Cui Hao, who was in charge of writing historical books, was executed by taiwu Emperor of the Northern Wei for speaking out about the humiliating history of the Tuoba family, the ruler of the Northern Wei Dynasty.At the same time, many other northern ethnic groups were also executed, known as the “prison of national history”.The Ming and Qing dynasties carried it forward, the Qing dynasty was the most serious, especially during the Reign of Emperor Qianlong.Chinese historian Gu jie – gang wrote in the book: “In the three hundred years of the Qing Dynasty, the literature did not exist, there are still words and sentences can be seen?Yue: Yes, but it was harsher than in the early Qing Dynasty.The scale of literary prisons in the Qing Dynasty was far less than that in the previous dynasties. Strangely, the more stable the reign was, the more serious the phenomenon of literary prisons became.By the time of Qianlong, it had reached its climax, and the government’s control over cultural elements had also reached its strictest period.Correspondingly, the traditional culture of our country has also been destroyed and fettered.According to historical records, the number of literary prisons that could be inspected in the early Qing dynasty is as follows: Emperor Shunzhi (7 times), Emperor Kangxi (20 times), Emperor Yongzheng (20 times) and Emperor Qianlong (130 times).Although zhu Yuanzhang did not use literary inquisition as frequently as Qianlong, many literati died of it during his reign.Due to “is” dead mentioned before, after the reign of emperor zhu yuanzhang in court so concerned, private opinion of himself, a large number of documents the unofficial history of zhu yuanzhang by local officials they wished “, “the word is also so, example: professor zhejiang FuXue Lin Yuanliang Xie Zeng pay table for sea guard, to the table” for the vertical xian “over;Zhao Boning, the prefect of Peiping Prefectures, made the longevity table for the capital, and made the principle of “hanging descendants”.Lin Bojing, director of Fuzhou Prefectural School, wrote the winter table as a guide.Jiang Zhi, the prefect of Guilin Prefectural school, made a congratulatory list for the cloth according to the principle of “jianzhong Zuozhi”.Li Zhou learning is Meng Qing for the house for the winter table, to “sheng De as” chu;De ‘an fu xun Wu Xian for the house to make he Li too sun table, with the “eternal Shao billion years, the world youdao, wang Worship green door”.Cover in the “thief” and “, “notes,” knowledge “in” monk “and,” emperor leaf “in the” emperor “and,” he “in” hair Kun “and,” youdao “to” steal “and,” the embellishments in writing taiping “in” early loss of taiping “also.During the reign of Zhu Yuanzhang, New Year’s Day, Zhu Yuanzhang’s birthday and the establishment of the crown prince, ministers will present messages.But the ministers were not all good at writing, so the seemingly easy task was left to the local officials in charge of enlightenment.What they didn’t know was that it would be the article that would decide whether their heads landed or not.Zhu yuanzhang had always been aware of the habit of literary satire, and he was extremely concerned about the contents of the congratulatory messages. He did not know whether he had personally checked each one, but he did make a list a few days later.All the people on the list were executed for insulting and mocking Zhu Yuanzhang, among which the most taboo word was “Ze”.”Then” word and “thief” sound similar, mention “then” word is intentionally mention Zhu Yuanzhang uprising things, is the emperor’s disrespect.Here, because of the existence of Chinese pinyin in modern times, there is a fixed definition of “ze” and “thief”, but not in the Ming Dynasty, where the dialect is heavy, the pronunciation of the two characters is the same.In addition to the characters for “rule”, there are also characters for “light” and “monk”, which remind the sensitive and suspicious Zhu yuanzhang of the humiliating days when he was forced to become a monk.For a while, there was panic inside and outside the court.When serious, officials have to say goodbye to their families one by one before the court, for fear that they have a gaffe in the court, and invite death.We can use the word “ze” as much as we like, but in the reign of Zhu Yuanzhang, the Emperor Taizu of Ming Dynasty, if anyone used this word, he would be dead.