What are the differences in Spring Festival customs between north and south China?

2022-05-16 0 By

The second day of the New Year, the north to meet the god of wealth, Shanghai people a listen to certainly confused, not early Friday morning to meet the god of wealth?Year after year is such ah, when to become the first two meet the god of wealth?This brings us to the different customs of Spring Festival in northern and southern China.China is a vast country and customs vary greatly from place to place.Today we are going to look at the differences between the north and the South.During the Chinese New Year, every family in the north must not have dumplings. Dumplings are a must for people in the north during Chinese New Year and Festivals.In the south, people eat tangyuan, which means round and round.Talking about this dumpling, we look at the origin of food.At first, it was the same thing as the wonton in the south, and you could tell from its shape that it was modeled after ingots.In particular, the big wonton with vegetable meat in the south looks like an ingot.We all know that there was a kind of paper money called Jiaozi in Chinese history.In the Song Dynasty, China used paper money to represent the metal money of gold, silver and copper.Jiaozi is obviously nothing more than the addition of a food component to jiaozi to indicate that it is a kind of food.In fact, it’s just a slap in the face.Therefore, the emergence of dumplings, should be in the Song Dynasty.As for saying “flat food”, that is the Mongolian language, only after the Yuan Dynasty.And wonton is much older, The Three Kingdoms Period of Wei Zhang Yi “Guang Ya” book, recorded: “wonton, cake also.”The name “wonton”, according to one academic view, is related to the “chaos” in Zhuangzi. It is the same as dumplings, but uses the word “food” to indicate that it is a kind of food.Zhou Mi, a person from the Song Dynasty, said that Lin ‘an people ate wontons on the winter solstice to offer sacrifices to their ancestors, and the appearance of steamed buns (steamed buns) was also related to sacrifice at first. The legend of Zhuge Liang offering steamed buns to the river god has already explained some problems.Therefore, the original meaning of wonton may be a Taoist concept, used for sacrifice.It is not clear whether taoists invented the food.We know that Taoism, especially alchemy, had a great influence on the development of Chemistry in China, and Taoist music also had a great influence on Chinese music, but the relationship between Taoism and food has rarely been studied, and this is actually a good topic.In the history of the development of wonton, derived from a variety of practices, there is a crescent shape, the Tang Dynasty called “crescent wonton”, the Song Dynasty called “corner”, and paper money “jiaozi” homophonic, for a mouth color called “dumpling”, that is to say, dumpling is a variant of wonton, so the origin is more in line with the facts and logic.Yuanxiao and Tangyuan will be celebrated on the 15th day of the Lantern Festival.It is the same as the dispute between dumplings and wontons. It is called Yuanxiao in the north and Tangyuan or tangtuan in the south.Just to say that in addition to the name is not the same, there are some differences in practice.In the south, tangyuan can be filled with meat, but there is almost no north, and the north is not filled with stuffing, but the stuffing is rolled on glutinous rice flour to make yuanxiao, this difference, the difference is very small, if the mouth is about the same.Yangko dance and Lion Dance In some areas of north China, there are yangko dance, walking on stilts and other performances.In particular, the Yangko dance in northern Shaanxi is famous all over the world.While in the south, although there is yangko, such as Shanghai Fengxian, Jinshan, nanhui in the past there was mountain opera, but with the north is very different, and it is not often performed during the Spring Festival, at least now.Like wonton and steamed bread, Yangko originated from the labor life of rice transplanting and farming, and offered sacrifices to the peasant god to pray for a good harvest.Farther south, in Guangdong, their custom is dragon and lion dances.Likewise, to pray for peace and harvest.So here’s the lion.Dragon illusory, but, after all, is the traditional Chinese auspicious totem, but the lion is not ah, Chinese don’t produce the lion, the lion was introduced into China since the emperor sent zhang qian to the western regions, as a precious tributes to input into our country, people from various states have considered with Buddhism was introduced into, a very important reason is that the lion is mounts manjusri bodhisattva.It is recorded in the Book of the Later Han, “In the first year of Zhang He (87 A.D.) and in the second year of Zhang He (88 A.D.), ambassadors from the Yue Kingdom (Kashmir, Afghanistan) and the Kingdom of Benin (ancient Persia) were sent to present teachers.”Notice that it says “Shizi,” which is the Sanskrit translation for simha.Sri Lanka is also known as the Lion Country because it is a transliteration of Sinhala, the Sanskrit word for “Singapura”, while Singapore is known as the Lion City because its name is a transliteration of The Sanskrit word “Singapura”. Singapura means lion and Pola means city. Together, it is the Lion City.So Singapore has nothing to do with old and new, don’t get me wrong.The original meaning of shi Zi refers to Buddha Sakyamuni, and the valor of Buddha is compared in Buddhist sutras, such as the Sutra of Infinite Life: “If a man is a master of his son, the virtue of god is infinite.”Therefore, the lion’s roar is a metaphor for the Buddha’s saying. Later generations mistakenly think that a loud cry is called the lion’s roar, which is a misunderstanding of the word lion’s roar.Lion is the king of all animals. The word “Shi Zi” is used to refer to this animal. In Chinese, anti-dog is added to indicate that it is an animal to distinguish it from “Shi Zi”, hence the name Lion.So Chinese lion dance, only after the Han Dynasty, much later than dragon dance, dragon boat racing.The skill of lion dance may come from xiliang’s “mask play”, and xiliang’s “mask play” may also be introduced from the Western Regions.Just two days ago, Shanghai burlesque actress Chen Liang posted a tik Tok post poking fun at the festival in the north and the Festival in Shanghai.The northern people of the 23rd month of the twelfth lunar month want to have a little New Year, but the Shanghai people listened to and will feel strange, in the impression of the Shanghai people never seem to have a little New Year, had a little New Year’s eve, that is, the day before the big night.This little New Year, mainly to worship the kitchen god, known as “little New Year” in the north.Until the middle of the Qing Dynasty, the festival was always on the 24th day of the twelfth lunar month.And at least to the Qianlong period, the twelfth lunar month 24th sacrifice.”Qing Jia Lu” volume 12 “December · read four nights to send the kitchen” : “the vulgar call the twelfth lunar month 24 nights to read four nights, is the night to send the kitchen.””Qing Dynasty wild History grand View · Qing Palace Relics” said, Qianlong once, every year on the 24th night of the twelfth lunar month, sacrificial Kitchen god in kun Ning Palace.Since the middle and late Qing Dynasty, the imperial family held a festival to worship heaven on the 23rd day of the 12th month. In order to “save money”, the Kitchen God was also worshipped. Therefore, people in northern China also celebrated the xiaoningnian on the 23rd day of the 12th month one day earlier.Shanghai is special, only on New Year’s Eve.Since New Year’s Eve is also called New Year’s Eve, New Year’s Eve (December 29) is called New Year’s Eve is logical.However, the worship of the kitchen god on the 24th day of the 12th lunar month has been diluted in Shanghai.This may have something to do with the early urbanization in Shanghai and the fact that few people still have kitchens.Why worship the Kitchen god when the kitchen is gone?As you can see, having talked so much, in fact, Chinese New Year is closely related to sacrifice in The history of China. However, nowadays, with the modernization, the custom of sacrifice has weakened a lot, and only the ritual sense of Chinese New Year remains. Many people also know less and less about the origin of this festival.In fact, these cultural knowledge is also a part of the festival content, which needs to be inherited and understood by more people.Source: Xinmin Weekly author: Hexi